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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

and assistance and will also,, I cannot doubt, though I cannot declare., be
aided by the United States acting at least through the world organisation
which we are determined to erect—that she and the whole of the United
Nations are determined to erect—for the salvation of mankind toiling here
below from the horrors of repeated war.
" Another great war, especially an ideological war, fought as it would be,
not only on frontiers but in the heart of every land with weapons far more
destructive than men have yet wielded., would spell the doom, perhaps for
many centuries, of such civilisation as we have been able to erect since history
began to be written. It is that peril which, according to the best judgment
of this National Government of all parties, which has so lately renewed its
troth to stand together for the duration of the war against Germany—it is
that peril that we have laboured, and are striving sincerely and faithfully,,
to ward off. Other powerful States are with us on each side, more powerful
States perhaps even than the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations.
We can only try our best, and if we cannot solve the problem, we can at
least make sure that it is faced in all its sombre magnitude while time
remains."
Churchill brought his speech to its conclusion by prophesying the
possible outbreak of " another great war/' an evil his Government was
" labouring and striving to ward off." There seemed no necessity for
him to enlarge on the probable instigator of this war. Referring to the
attack of the Powers of Darkness in his last few sentences, the Prime Min-
ister spoke with the greatest sincerity in which vibrated a fear, a fear
connected with Poland. He seemed to be apprehenisve that the frigate
of victory and peace he had so carefully piloted might founder on this
rock—the Poland, which he, Churchill, had lauded in such magnificent
terms in his broadcast immediately after her invasion by two imperialist
Powers, when he had foreseen that she, " may for a spell be submerged
by a tidal wave but which remains as a rock." Churchill was now recom-
mending that this c rock/ on which the Versaille order in Europe had
been founded by an immeasurable hecatomb of mankind, should not only
be submerged but sunk for ever in the Asiatic-Russian ocean. The Prime
Minister, it seemed, could visualise no other course except that advocated
by the Soviets—a death sentence on Poland ..." I do not, of course,
believe that any real harmony is possible between Bolshevism and present
civilisation/' Churchill had written years before in his letter to Lloyd
George—March 24, 1920. Poland and the Baltic States were part of this
c civilisation* and yet he was now handing them over into the power of
" these deadly snakes" (quoting the same letter), into the power of " sub-
human doctrine and super-human tyranny." Ornamenting his speech
with the phraseology of Moscow, he now, in 1944, endeavoured to con-
vince his audience that the consent of the Polish Government, not merely
to a surgical operation on their territory, but to the complete destruction
of their country, should be given, since it was " only for the Polish
advantage and to avoid the great evils which might occur/' during the
Russian offensive across Poland if " fierce quarrels and fighting break out
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